macular degeneration (AMD)
Macular degeneration is caused by the deterioration of the central portion of the retina, the inside back layer of the eye that records the images we see and sends them via the optic nerve from the eye to the brain. The retina’s central portion, known as the macula, is responsible for focusing central vision in the eye, and it controls our ability to read, drive a car, recognize faces or colors, and see objects in fine detail.
Due to obstructions in any number of small oil glands, a chalazion or stye are small lumps in the eyelid. Chalazion may occur in the upper or lower lids, and symptoms include:
- Eyelid redness and irritation
- Raised bumps or lumps
Hypertension is a condition associated with chronic high blood pressure. High blood pressure is both a disease and a risk factor for other conditions. People with this disorder are more prone to stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.
Conjunctivitis is an infection of the outer-most layer or membrane of the eye. Itching, watering, redness and swelling are all symptoms for people suffering from what is commonly referred to as “Pink Eye”. The three most common types of conjunctivitis are: viral, allergic and bacterial. Each requires different treatments. Viral and bacterial conjunctivitis, or Pink Eye are typically highly contagious. There are a variety of treatment options for “Pink Eye,” ranging from eye drops to ointments.
Blepharitis is a chronic or long-term inflammation of the eyelids and eyelashes. It affects people of all ages. Among the most common causes of blepharitis are poor eyelid hygiene; excessive oil produced by the glands in the eyelid; a bacterial infection (often staphylococcal); or an allergic reaction. Blepharitis usually causes burning, itching and irritation of the lids. In severe cases, it may also cause styes, irritation and inflammation of the cornea (keratitis) and conjunctiva (conjunctivitis). Some patients have no symptoms at all.
Amblyopia (Lazy Eye)
Babies are not born with perfect vision. Normal vision develops slowly over the first several years of life. The eye and the brain learn how to see together. And like a muscle, vision only grows if it is used. If for any reason the brain does not receive a clear image through an eye, that eye will never learn to see clearly. If sight does not develop normally, this is called amblyopia, or lazy eye.
Keratoconus is an eye disease, which results in the thinning of the cornea. As keratoconus advances, day-to-day activities can become increasingly challenging. Benjamin Eye Institute patients may have increased problems with driving, reading a newspaper or watching movies. That is why it’s important to diagnose the condition and discuss treatment options with Dr. Benjamin and his team as soon as possible.
Presbyopia is the loss of close vision. As it is associated with aging of the eye, it is often seen in individuals aged 40 or older. As we age, the lens of the eye begins to lose its core protein and inherent flexibility, becoming less capable of adjusting for close detail.